Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and risk of allergic conditions in children: Findings from the Japan Environment and Children's study (JECS)

Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are one of the most common medical conditions that women encounter during pregnancy. Whether or not hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are associated with allergic conditions in the offspring is unclear. This study used data from a large Japanese birth cohort to investigate whether HDP contributes to the development of allergic conditions in the offspring at 3 years. We also assessed the effect of blood pressure at different pregnancy trimesters on children's allergies. Methods: We obtained data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), which included 104 062 fetal records. After data selection, we analyzed 77 505 mother–child pairs, using logistic regression models to examine the relationships between HDP or the mother's blood pressure and their children's allergic conditions. In addition, we also evaluated the effect of HDP during pregnancy on allergies with a propensity score matched dataset, using a logistic regression model that predicts the conditional probability of whether a mother belonged to the HDP or non-HDP group. Results: Among the 77 505 mothers eligible for analysis, 2334 (3.0%) had HDP. Percentages of women with hypertension were 1.7% in early gestation, 1.0% in mid-gestation, and 1.6% in late gestation. After adjusting for multiple potential confounders, HDP contributed nothing to allergy development in offspring. Children born to women with hypertension were no more likely than those without to have allergic conditions at 3 years of age. The propensity score matched dataset showed similar findings. Conclusion: HDP and high blood pressure during pregnancy are apparently not risk factors for developing allergy in offspring. This information may help clinicians in counseling women who suffered HDP during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100581
JournalWorld Allergy Organization Journal
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Birth cohort
  • Blood pressure
  • Children
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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