Hyperinflation With Pulmonary Dysfunction in Donor Lungs With Smoking History During Lung Perfusion

Yoshifumi Itoda, Hiromichi Niikawa, Toshihiro Okamoto, Kamal S. Ayyat, Hiroshi Yabuki, Carol F. Farver, J. Steven Hata, Kenneth R. McCurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Donor lungs with smoking history are perfused in ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) to expand donor lung pool. However, the impact of hyperinflation of perfused lungs in EVLP remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of hyperinflation, using an ex vivo measurement delta VT, during EVLP in smoker's lungs. Materials and methods: Seventeen rejected donor lungs with smoking history of median 10 pack-years were perfused for 2 h in cellular EVLP. Hyperinflation was evaluated by measuring delta VT = inspiratory − expiratory tidal volume (VT) difference at 1 h. All lungs were divided into two groups; negative delta VT (n = 11, no air-trapping pattern) and positive delta VT (n = 6, air-trapping pattern). Transplant suitability was judged at 2 h. By using lung tissue, linear intercept analysis was performed to evaluate the degree of hyperinflation. Results: The positive delta VT group had significantly lower transplant suitability than the negative delta VT group (16 versus 81%, P = 0.035). The positive delta VT group was significantly associated with lower partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio ratio (278 versus 356 mm Hg, P = 0.049), higher static compliance (119 versus 98 mL/cm H2O, P = 0.050), higher lung weight ratio (1.10 versus 0.96, P = 0.014), and higher linear intercept ratio (1.52 versus 0.93, P = 0.005) than the negative delta VT group. Conclusions: Positive delta VT appears as an ex vivo marker of ventilator-associated lung hyperinflation of smoker's lungs during EVLP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-509
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume255
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov

Keywords

  • Cigarette use
  • Donor lung
  • Emphysema
  • Overexpansion
  • Smoking injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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