Hydrous solidus of CMAS-pyrolite and melting of mantle plumes at the bottom of the upper mantle

Konstantin Litasov, Eiji Ohtani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We showed in previous experiments that the melting temperature of hydrous pyrolite, at the transition boundary between wadsleyite and olivine, is abruptly reduced by the presence of 2 wt.% H2O. In this paper we determine the apparent solidus for CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-pyrolite with lower and geologically more reasonable H2O contents (0.5 wt.%). Phase relations and melt compositions have been determined at pressures of 13.5-17.0 GPa and temperatures of 1600 to 2100°C. There was no abrupt decrease of solidus temperature along the phase boundary between olivine and wadsleyite in pyrolite with 0.5 wt.% H2O. However significant gradual decrease of the solidus temperature at pressures below 15-16 GPa still supports previous models for a hydrous origin of some ancient komatiites by dehydration melting of rising wet plumes at pressures of 4-10 GPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)SDE 3-1 - SDE 3-5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume30
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov 15

Keywords

  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • Hydrous melting
  • Mantle
  • Pyrolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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