Hydrous minerals and the storage of water in the deep mantle

Eiji Ohtani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water is transported into the deep mantle via hydrous minerals in subducting slabs. During subduction, a series of minerals in these slabs such as serpentine or chlorite, Mg-sursassite and/or the 10 Å phase, and phase A can be stable at different pressures within the slab geotherms, and may transport significant amount of water into the Earth's interior. The transition zone has a large water storage capacity because of the high solubility of water in wadsleyite and ringwoodite. The recent discovery of hydrous ringwoodite and phase Egg as inclusions in ultra deep diamonds from Juina, Brazil suggests that the transition zone may indeed contain water. Seismic tomographic studies and electrical conductivity observations suggest that the transition zone may contain large amount of water, at least locally, beneath the subduction zones. The discovery of a new hydrous phase H, MgSiO2(OH)2, and its solid solution with isostructural phase δ-AlOOH, suggests that a significant amount of water could be stored in this hydrous magnesium silicate phase which is stable down to the lower mantle. Water may be transported into the bottom of the lower mantle via phase H-δ solid solution in descending slabs. This new high pressure hydrous phase solid solution has a high bulk modulus and sound velocity owing to strong O-H bonding due to hydrogen bond symmetrization in the lower mantle. Therefore, water stored in this hydrous phase would not reduce the seismic wave velocity in the lower mantle, and is seismically invisible. Dehydration melting could then occur at the base of the lower mantle, providing a potential explanation for the ultralow-velocity zone at the core-mantle boundary. When this hydrous magnesium silicate phase or hydrous melt makes contact with the metallic outer core at the core-mantle boundary, then hydrogen is likely to dissolve into the core.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-15
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Geology
Volume418
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 15

Keywords

  • Hydrogen bond symmetrization
  • Hydrous mineral
  • Hydrous phase H
  • Hydrous phase δ
  • Slab
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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