Hydrothermal solidification of wastes with formation of zeolites

Hiroki Maenami, Hiroto Shin, Hideki Ishida, Takeshi Mitsuda

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5 Citations (Scopus)


In order to use waste materials effectively, a possibility of simultaneous solidification of inorganic waste materials and fixation of alkaline ions and heavy metal through formation of zeolite by using hydrothermal processing, was investigated. Fly ash, cinder of sewage sludge, and cinder of rubbish were used as the starting materials. Ca/Si and 2Na/Si molar ratios of the specimens were changed by the addition of CaO and Na2CO3. These mixtures were formed and hydrothermally processed at 200 °C. Various zeolites, such as analcime, Linde B1 zeolite, cancrinite, zeolite P-C, and hauyne, were formed at Ca/Si = 0.3 or 0.5 and 2Na/Si = 0.1-1.0. In the case of the fly ash system, although only the zeolite minerals were formed, the flexural strength reached up to 17 MPa when Ca/Si = 0.3 and 2Na/Si = 0.1, and the fixing ratio of Na+ ion reached a maximum value of 85% by the formation of zeolites. When cinder of rubbish was used, dissolution of heavy metals from the solidified specimen was scarcely observed. The microstructure and the variation of pore size distribution were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-306
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)


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