Hydrothermal separation of lignin from bark of Japanese cedar

Masaru Watanabe, Yukihiro Kanaguri, Richard L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrothermal treatment was used to study the separation of lignin from bark derived from biomass. A coupled-system of two batch reactors was used to treat Japanese cedar bark (ca. 45% lignin) with water at 473 K–573 K without additives and to collect lignin fractions at given times. Hydrothermal treatment of bark at a temperature of 548 K and a treatment time of 10 min allowed 65 wt% of the lignin to be separated, which means that it is possible to obtain about 0.3 kg-lignin per kilogram of Japanese cedar bark. From the characterization, it was revealed that the hydrothermal-soluble lignin had a simple structure with a molecular mass of about 1000 Da. The yield of lignin decreased for treatment temperatures higher than 548 K that is attributed to carbonization. Hydrothermal treatment of bark can be used to recover lignin and has potential application to biorefineries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-703
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar

Keywords

  • Bark
  • Hemicellulose-lignin complex
  • Hydrolysis
  • Hydrothermal
  • Lignin
  • Solubilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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