Hydrothermal conversion of carbohydrate biomass into formic acid at mild temperatures

Fangming Jin, Jun Yun, Guangming Li, Ashushi Kishita, Kazuyuki Tohji, Heiji Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

201 Citations (Scopus)


The production of formic acid or formate salts by hydrothermal oxidation of glucose, a model compound of carbohydrate biomass, was investigated in the presence and absence of alkali using a batch reactor with H2O 2 oxidant. Results showed that glucose was converted into formate salts with an excellent yield of 75% at a mild temperature of 250 °C in the presence of alkali. The results should be helpful to facilitate studies for developing a new green process for the conversion of carbohydrate biomass into formic acid, which can be a potential intermediate for fuels, as well as other value-added products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)612-615
Number of pages4
JournalGreen Chemistry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution


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