Hydrothermal conversion of biomass and carbon dioxide into chemicals and fuels: A potentially useful technology for improving global carbon cycle by mimicking nature

Fangming Jin, Zhibao Huo, Jianglin Cao, Bing Wu, H. Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Hydrothermal reactions, which generally can be defined as reactions in the presence of aqueous solvents under high temperature and pressure, have played an important role in the formation of fossil fuels and Earth's carbon cycle. If humans could simulate the conditions of high temperature and pressure underground, then, it should quickly turn waste and biomass into fuels and chemicals, reaching improve Earth' carbon cycle. With this in mind, we have conducted a series of researches of application of hydrothermal reactions to the conversion of biomass and CO2 into fuels and chemicals. This paper gives an overview of recent advances in our research on the hydrothermal conversion of various biomasses into value-added products, specifically on the production of acetic acid, lactic acid and formic acid from carbohydrates and lignocellulosic biomasses, as well as glycerine, which is a by-product of biodiesel production. A new technology for converting CO2 into chemicals with biomass or organic waste as a reductant is also presented. Our results demonstrate the hydrothermal process possesses a high potential for rapidly and efficiently converting a wide range of biomass and CO2 into value-added products and fuels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1
Event240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: 2010 Aug 222010 Aug 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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