Hydrogenation of acetylene and propyne over hydrogen storage ErNi5-xAlx alloys and the role of absorbed hydrogen

Ryota Tsukuda, Takayuki Kojima, Daisuke Okuyama, Satoshi Kameoka, Chikashi Nishimura, Ampo Sai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The hydrogen storage properties of ErNi5-xAlx (x = 0, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25, and 1.5) alloys were investigated by pressure-composition isotherms and in situ X-ray diffraction measurements under a hydrogen atmosphere. Catalytic reactivities toward the hydrogenation of alkynes (acetylene and propyne) over ErNi5-xAlx (x = 0, 1, and 1.5) alloys were also studied and the contribution of absorbed hydrogen to hydrogenation is discussed. All ErNi5-xAlx alloys possess a hexagonal structure (CaCu5-type) with the space group P6/mmm. The substitution of Al for Ni facilitated hydrogen absorption at lower hydrogen pressures by the formation of larger interstitial spaces. ErNi3.5Al1.5Hn with absorbed hydrogen showed higher reactivities for the catalytic hydrogenation of acetylene and propyne than ErNi5 and ErNi4Al without absorbed hydrogen. The reason for this was concluded to be that absorbed hydrogen activates adsorbates (acetylene and hydrogen) that are supplied from the gas phase.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Activity of absorbed hydrogen
  • ErNiAl alloys
  • Hydrogen storage alloys
  • Hydrogenation of alkynes
  • Intermetallic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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