Hydrogen production from biomass and plastic mixtures by pyrolysis-gasification

Jon Alvarez, Shogo Kumagai, Chunfei Wu, Toshiaki Yoshioka, Javier Bilbao, Martin Olazar, Paul T. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The addition of plastics to the steam pyrolysis/gasification of wood sawdust with and without a Ni/Al2O3 catalyst was investigated in order to increase the production of hydrogen in the gaseous stream. To study the influence of the biomass/plastic ratio in the initial feedstock, 5, 10 and 20 wt.% of polypropylene was introduced with the wood in the pyrolysis reactor. To investigate the effect of plastic type, a blend of 80 wt.% of biomass and 20 wt.% of either polypropylene, high density polyethylene, polystyrene or a mixture of real world plastics was fed into the reactor. The results showed that a higher gas yield (56.9 wt.%) and a higher hydrogen concentration and production (36.1 vol.% and 10.98 mmol H2 g -1 sample, respectively) were obtained in the gaseous fraction when 20 wt.% of polypropylene was mixed with the biomass. This significant improvement in gas and hydrogen yield was attributed to synergetic effects between intermediate species generated via co-pyrolysis. The Ni/Al 2O3 catalyst dramatically improved the gas yield as well as the hydrogen concentration and production due to the enhancement of water gas shift and steam reforming reactions. Very low amounts of coke (less than 1 wt.% in all cases) were formed on the catalyst during reaction, with the deposited carbonaceous material being of the filamentous type. The Ni/Al2O 3 catalyst was shown to be effective for hydrogen production in the co-pyrolysis/gasification process of wood sawdust and plastics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10883-10891
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 15

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Gasification
  • Hydrogen
  • Plastic
  • Pyrolysis
  • Waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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