We have investigated the adsorption of 1- and 2-propanol on silica surfaces from their mixtures with cyclohexane using a combination of colloidal probe atomic force microscopy, adsorption excess isotherms, and FTIR spectroscopy in the ATR mode. The adsorption isotherm indicated that a similar amount of each alcohol was adsorbed on the silica surfaces. FTIR spectra revealed that 1-propanol adsorbed on the surface employing hydrogen-bonding between the surface silanol groups and the hydroxyl groups of 1-propanol as well as between the hydroxyl groups of 1-propanol in the form of a linear zig-zag structure. This structure is similar to the linear hydrogen-bonded structure of ethanol, which we have found on silica and called a 'surface molecular macrocluster' (M. Mizukami, M. Moteki, K. Kurihara, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 12 889). The contact of adsorbed layers of 1-propanol on the opposed silica surfaces brought about the long-range attraction extending to 69 ± 9 nm at 0.1 mol-% 1-propanol. 2-Propanol was also adsorbed on the surface by the hydrogen-bonding, however, in the form of a cyclic structure. No long-range attraction was observed in the 2-propanol/cyclohexane binary liquids at 0.1-6.0 mol-%. The absence of a long-range attraction can be explained by the cyclic aggregation structure of 2-propanol on the surface.
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