In this study, we investigated the hydrogen absorption behavior of pre-rusted steel in an NaCl droplet by measuring the hydrogen permeation current and corrosion potential. To prepare the pre-rusted steel, a 30-μL droplet of a 0.1-mol/dm3 NaCl solution was placed on the surface of steel and exposed to wet-dry cyclic conditions by changing the relative humidity (RH) repeatedly from 40% to 95% at a constant rate of 27.5%/h and 298 K. The hydrogen permeation current and corrosion potential of the pre-rusted steel were measured during the drying of an electrolyte droplet using an electrochemical hydrogen permeation test and the Kelvin probe (KP) technique, respectively. The corrosion potential of the pre-rusted steel shifted in the negative direction simultaneous with the evolution of the hydrogen permeation current during the drying of the droplet. The hydrogen permeation current increased with the number of wet-dry cycles in the early stages of the rusting process, which related to the negative shift in corrosion potential. As the whole surface of the steel was covered with iron rust in the later stages of the rusting process, the corrosion potential shifted in the positive direction and the hydrogen absorption current decreased gradually.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry