Recent molecular genetic studies revealed that the human prion protein (PrP) gene has a large repertoire of polymorphisms and mutations. Each variant PrP seems to correspond to a distinct type of prion diseases. We report herein that it is useful to classify prion diseases into plaque type or non-plaque type, based on the distribution of PrP in the central nervous system. The variant PrP including codon 102, codon 105, codon 129, codon 145 and insertional polymorphisms belong to the plaque type prion diseases, whereas the wild-type PrP and the variants including codon 180, codon 200, and codon 232 polymorphisms belong to the non-plaque type. The non-plaque type prion diseases showed a rapidly progressive dementia, myoclonus and periodic synchronous discharges in the electroencephalogram, and in the pathological findings diffuse grey matter PrP accumulations including the synaptic structures. The plaque type prion diseases showed a long clinical course without myoclonus and periodic synchronous discharges, and the major PrP accumulation sites were extracellular PrP plaques. The distribution of PrP deposits in the central nervous system influences the clinical and pathological aspects of prion diseases. Thus, PrP accumulations may play a central role in the pathogenesis of prion diseases.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Mar 29|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)