Human enteric viruses discharged in raw sewage are hightly resistant and may be detected in surface waters, coastal areas and shellfish. Whereas noroviruses, responsible for relatively benign acute gastroentritis, are the most common agents implicated in shellfish borne outbreaks, other human viruses which cause severe human diseases, such as hepatitis A virus, may also be transmitted. Environmental studies have demonstrated that virus concentrations detected in shellfish are higher than in surrounding waters. This concentration may explain the high prevalence of noroviruses detected in various shellfish species collected in different countries. If many questions remain regarding viral contamination of shellfish, the most important seems to be the prevention of coastal areas contamination by human sewages.
|Translated title of the contribution||Human enteric viruses and shellfish|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Bulletin de l'Academie Veterinaire de France|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Hepatitis a virus
- Human enetric viruses
ASJC Scopus subject areas