The effect of Al-addition on the mechanism of phase decomposition from β1 to α-phase in Cu-40at.%Zn alloy (base alloy) has been investigated using hardness measurement and HRTEM observation. The peak hardness during annealing and the number density of α-phase in Al-bearing alloy were the same as those in the base alloy. Many striations which have been considered as the periodicity of 9R structure were observed in the α-phase of the Al-bearing alloy. There were a lot of striations in the α-phase at the early annealing time, and the number of these striations decreased with increasing annealing time. The rate of decreasing of this striation in the α-phase of the Al-bearing alloy was the slower than that of the base alloy. According to the analysis of the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns obtained for these α-phase in those alloys, transition time from the 9R structure to fcc structure t(9R-fcc) of has been detected by the changing of angles in SAED patterns. The t(9R-fcc) of α-phase in the Al-bearing alloy showed the slower than the base alloy.