How to Get a Longer Job? Roles of Human and Social Capital in the Japanese Labor Market

Jun Kobayashi, Mei Kagawa, Yoshimichi Sato

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article investigates the roles of human and social capital played in the Japanese labor market. Our research question is whether they interact to accelerate or decelerate each other to provide first jobs of a long duration. Based on the literature, we focus on the bonding functions of friends and relatives. Using the 2005 Social Stratification and Social Mobility Survey Data, we measure human capital by educational attainment (college education) and social capital by job search methods (using friends or relatives). The dependent variable is the hazard rate of turnover from the first job. We find that social capital especially benefits those with low human capital (high school graduates). When friends or relatives introduce workers to jobs, high school graduates tended to stay longer in their first jobs and had a lower turnover than college graduates did. This means that social capital decelerated effects of human capital. Therefore, in the Japanese labor market, social capital plays a complementary role in mitigating educational disadvantage. The International Journal of Japanese Sociology

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20-29
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Japanese Sociology
    Volume24
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

    Keywords

    • Human capital
    • Japanese labor market
    • Social capital

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

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