This study analyzes the total factor productivity of 1067 Japanese manufacturing firms. In production estimation, we employ the directional distance function and Luenberger productivity indicator. Research and development strategy survey data are used to analyze the determinant factors related to improvements in innovation and productivity. Our results indicate that increasing technology and knowledge through a ‘black box’ process is related to an increase in productivity. Furthermore, the protection and management of production knowledge and expertise is a valid method of increasing global technical change.
- Japanese manufacturing firms
- R&D strategy
- directional distance function
- productivity change
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
- Management of Technology and Innovation