Hourly sea surface temperature retrieval using the Japanese geostationary satellite, Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT)

Hiroshi Kawamura, Huiling Qin, Futoki Sakaida, Riza Yuliratno Setiawan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An algorithm has been developed for retrieving sea surface temperature (SST) from hourly data transmitted from the Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager (JAMI) aboard a Japanese geostationary satellite, Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT)-1R. Threshold tests screening cloudy pixels are empirically adjusted to cases of daytime with/without sun glitter, and nighttime. The Non-Linear SST (NLSST) equation, including several new additional terms, is used to calculate MTSAT SST. The estimated SST is compared with drifting and moored buoy measurements, with the result that the bias of the MTSAT SST is nearly 0.0°K. The root mean square (rms) error is about 0.8°K, and it is 0.7°K under the condition that the satellite zenith angle is less than 50°. It is demonstrated that the hourly MTSAT SST produced by the algorithm developed here captures diurnal SST variations in the equatorial sea in mid-November 2006.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

Keywords

  • Cloud detection
  • Diurnal SST variation
  • MTSAT
  • SST retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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