The fusion-by-diffusion model proposed by Swiatecki [Phys. Rev. C 71, 014602 (2005)10.1103/PhysRevC.71.014602] has provided a simple and convenient tool to estimate evaporation residue cross sections for superheavy nuclei. I extend this model by taking into account deformation of the target nucleus, and discuss the role of orientation of a deformed target in hot fusion reactions at energies around the Coulomb barrier. To this end, I introduce an injection point for the diffusion process over an inner barrier which depends on the orientation angle. I apply this model to the Ca48+Cm248 reaction and show that the maximum of evaporation residue cross section appears at an energy slightly above the height of the capture barrier for the side collision, for which the effective inner barrier is considerably lower than that for the tip collision, thus enhancing the diffusion probability. I also discuss the energy dependence of the injection point, and show that a large part of the energy dependence found in the previous analyses can be attributed to the deformation effect of a target nucleus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics