Some myeloma cells freshly isolated from bone marrow aspirates in human myelomas and some myeloma cell lines formed spontaneous cell aggregations in vitro (homotypic cell aggregations). In order to clarify the surface molecules involved in homotypic cell aggregations and physiological roles of these cell aggregations, we investigated the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM‐1) and lymphocyte function‐associated antigen 1 (LFA‐1) on 20 samples of freshly isolated myeloma cells and three myeloma cell lines and the effect of anti‐ICAM‐1 and anti‐LFA‐1α antibodies on myeloma cell proliferation in vitro. All myeloma cells that we tested expressed ICAM‐1 on their surface. Among them, myeloma cells that strongly coexpressed LFA‐1α, formed homotypic cell aggregates in vitro. These spontaneous cell aggregations were completely released by adding either anti‐ICAM‐1 or anti‐LFA‐1α antibody. During short‐term culture, spontaneous proliferation of myeloma cells in vitro and their proliferative responses to recombinant interleukin‐6 (rIL‐6) were not affected by pretreatment of myeloma cells with anti‐ICAM‐1 or anti‐LFA‐1α antibody. Therefore these data suggest that homotypic cell aggregation of myeloma cells is mediated by ICAM‐1 and LFA‐1 molecules, but myeloma cell proliferation may not be modulated by these adhesion molecules during shortterm cultures.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1991 Dec|
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