A mid-infrared attenuated total reflection (ATR) spectroscopy system employing hollow optical fibers and a trapezoidal multi-reflection ATR prism has been developed to measure blood glucose levels. Using a multi-reflection prism brought about higher sensitivity, and the flat and wide contact surface of the prism resulted in higher measurement reproducibility. An analysis of in vivo measurements of human inner lip mucosa revealed clear signatures of glucose in the difference spectra between ones taken during the fasting state and ones taken after ingestion of glucose solutions. A calibration plot based on the absorption peak at 1155 cm-1 that originates from the pyranose ring structure of glucose gave measurement errors less than 20%.
- Fiber optics
- Fourier transforms
- Medical optics instrumentation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics