The biological activities of lipopolysaccharide from Bacteroides gingivalis 381 (B-LPS) were examined in vivo and in vitro. Intra-oral mucosal injection of B-LPS induced an acute inflammation at the injection site. Intravenous injection of B-LPS induced necrotic lesions with many thrombi in the liver and lymphocytic reduction in the spleen. By immunohis-tochemical examination, B-LPS was detected in macrophages in the liver, spleen and lymph nodes. In vitro analysis showed that B-LPS was a potent activator of both neutrophils and macrophages in luminol-dependent response and IL-1 secretion from macrophages and was mitogenic to the spleen cells not only from BALB/c mice but also from LPS-non-responder C3H/HeJ mice. Interferon production from human peripheral mononuclear leucocytes was induced, in vitro, by stimulation with B-LPS but not with the other enterobacterial LPS. These findings clarified the various biological activities of B-LPS affecting various cells and tissues, especially neutrophils, macrophages and lymphocytes. The potent inflammability of B-LPS shown in the present study indicates that it is one of the effective agents to induce periodontitis.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie Mikrobiologie und Hygiene - Abt. 1 Orig. A|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
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