Histologic localizations of terminal complement complexes (TCCs) were examined and compared with clinical findings in 154 patients with various renal diseases. Immunohistochemical demonstration of TCCs was carried out on ethanol-fixed paraffin-embedded renal biopsy specimens by indirect immunoperoxidase technique. In glomerular diseases that are thought to be immune-complex glomerulonephritis (IC-GN), such as IgA-nephropathy, membraneous nephropathy, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), TCCs were demonstrated in a pattern similar to that of immunoglobulins and C3, indicating that TCCs were induced by immune complexes. The intensity of TCC deposition was correlated with the morphologic destruction of glomeruli or serum creatinine levels with IgA-nephropathy, with urine protein in membraneous nephropathy, and with serum C4 in SLE. TCC deposits without IC were also observed in tissue damages without disease specificity such as glomerular or vascular sclerosis and tubulointerstitial lesions. These findings suggested the existence of various roles of TCCs in renal injury, according to IC-mediated or non-IC-mediated mechanism acting in individual diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine