The contractile response of isolated guinea pig trachea to histamine was potentiated in the presence of the histamine N-methyltransferase (HMT) inhibitor SKF 91488, whereas the diamine oxidase inhibitor aminoguanidine was without effect. SKF 91488 shifted in a concentration-dependent fashion the concentration-response curves to histamine to lower concentrations with the maximum by 1 log unit. The trachea contained significant HMT activity (45.4 ± 5.0 pmol/min/mg protein). In situ hybridization to detect HMT mRNA indicated that HMT mRNA was present in the epithelium and endothelium, being more abundant in the former. Removal of the epithelium shifted the concentration-response curves to histamine to lower concentrations by 0.8 log unit, and SKF 91488 caused only a slight shift of histamine concentration- response curves in tissues denuded of epithelium. These findings suggest that HMT regulates the contractile response of guinea pig trachea to histamine, and epithelial removal-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness to histamine is largely explained by the loss of HMT in the epithelium.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine