High-molecular-weight (number average molecular weight Mn = 11–81 kDa) polymers with intrinsic microporosity (PIM) were prepared by the solution polycondensation of 5,5′,6,6′-tetrahydroxy-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethyl-1,1′-spirobisindane, decafluorobiphenyl, and bisphenols in an aprotic polar solvent at an initial monomer concentration of 0.1 mol/L at 100°C-140 °C for 10–144 h. Transparent (minimum cutoff wavelength of 310 nm), highly thermostable (glass transition temperature of 161°C-376 °C by dynamic mechanical analysis, and 5% weight loss temperature in N2 of 410°C-514 °C) polymer films were fabricated using a solvent-cast method. The copolymer films showed good mechanical properties (tensile strengths of 45–67 MPa, breaking elongation of 2.2%–23.1%, and tensile elastic moduli of 1.5–3.3 GPa) and insulating properties (relative permittivity of 2.27–2.59, and dissipation factor of 0.00191–0.00466 at 20 GHz frequency). The prepared new PIM copolymers are candidates for next-generation low k dielectric materials.
- Low dielectric constant material
- Polymer of intrinsic microporosity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry