Highly stable Pt-Au@Ru/C catalyst nanoparticles for methanol electro-oxidation

Qinggang He, Badri Shyam, Masahiko Nishijima, Xiaofang Yang, Bruce Koel, Frank Ernst, David Ramaker, Sanjeev Mukerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the major obstacles to the successful application of Pt-Ru alloys as anode electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cells are their low electrocatalytic activities and poor stability under demanding operating conditions. In particular, detrimental is the eventual dissolution of the more oxophilic Ru. In this work, a novel carbon-supported gold-stabilized Pt-Au@Ru catalyst was synthesized using the water-in-oil microemulsion method. The catalyst possesses an enhanced methanol oxidation activity in acid medium and significantly enhanced stability over a commercially available Pt-Ru/C catalyst (E-TEK, 60%). This work provides a representative example of stabilization of an oxophilic transition element, Ru, using a unique ternary structure with Au. The stabilized surface and bulk composition are determined through copper under-potential deposition, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in conjunction with electrochemical measurements. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy analysis revealed that the addition of gold in the Pt-Au@Ru/C catalyst enhances the stability of the catalyst chiefly by interacting electronically with the Pt and Ru to raise their oxidation potentials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1467
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 24
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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  • Cite this

    He, Q., Shyam, B., Nishijima, M., Yang, X., Koel, B., Ernst, F., Ramaker, D., & Mukerjee, S. (2013). Highly stable Pt-Au@Ru/C catalyst nanoparticles for methanol electro-oxidation. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(3), 1457-1467. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp308133q