Highly selective silicon nitride etching to Si and SiO2 for a gate sidewall spacer using a CF3I/O2/H2 neutral beam

Daiki Nakayama, Akira Wada, Tomohiro Kubota, Robert Bruce, Ryan M. Martin, Moritz Haass, Nicholas Fuller, Seiji Samukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A silicon nitride (SiN) etch process selective to silicon (Si) and silicon dioxide (SiO2) for fabrication of a gate sidewall spacer was investigated using a quasi-damage-free neutral beam. In CF3I neutral beam etching, SiN can be etched selectively to SiO2 by controlling the beam energy. Etch rates of Si and SiO2 were drastically decreased by addition of O2 and H2 flow rates due to oxidation of the Si surface and decreased F flux. Reasonably high SiN selectivities of 18.6 to SiO2 and 6.2 to Si were obtained using a CF3I/O 2/H2 neutral beam. The result of the comparison between plasma etching and neutral beam etching indicated that the mechanism of this highly selective etching is unique to neutral beams without UV irradiation. By optimized neutral beam etching, SiN gate sidewall spacers were fabricated with little recess of the Si substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205203
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume46
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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