A new group of stable icosahedral phases (i-phases) in the Zn-Mg-RE system were found to have an ideal composition close to Znso Mg42RE8 (RE = Y, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho or Er). The new i-phases exhibit a highly ordered and nearly perfect face-centred icosahedral lattice as revealed by electron and X-ray diffraction and high-resolution electron microscopy. Powder X-ray diffraction indicates that the i-phase has long-range structural order with a correlation length over 1000 A, which is the largest found in the Frank-Kasper group. These new i-phases have the common valence concentration (about 2 08) and could be regarded as a new class of Hume-Rothery alloys.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics