Highly efficient production of synthesis gas by catalytic gasification of biomass at low reaction temperature

Keiichi Tomishige, Mohammad Asadullah, Shin Ichi Ito, Kimio Kunimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional methods of biomass gasification to hydrogen and synthesis gas are carried out at high temperature. The purpose of this study is to develop a novel catalytic process for biomass gasification at low temperature (773-873 K) with high energy efficiency. A cellulose was used as the model compound of biomass, and the performance of our catalysts was compered with those of dolomite and non-catalyst in batch- and continuous-feeding fluidized bed reactor. In reaction tests with various catalysts, Rh/CeO2 exhibited higher performance than other catalysts, but its deactivation was also observed during the reaction, caused by the sintering of the CeO2 support. A commercial steam-reforming catalyst also showed high activity, but its deactivation due to carbon deposition was observed. We also prepared Rh/CeO2/SiO2, which gave higher C-conversion to gas and was more stable than Rh/CeO2. In comparison with conventional methods (dolomite, non-catalyst, Ni catalyst), it was found that the gasification using Rh/CeO2/SiO2 catalyst can give a higher yield of synthesis gas at much lower temperature and with higher stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-672
Number of pages7
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Catalyst
  • Cellulose
  • Gasification
  • Synthesis gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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