Higher sensitivity of male CD4+ T cells to suppressive effects of CD8+ T cells on IL-5 production compared to female CD4+ T cells

Kaori Okuyama, Tsuyoshi Kashimura, Tasuku Kawano, Yuichi Ohkawara, Motoaki Takayanagi, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Isao Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Asthma prevalence and severity are higher in females than in males after puberty. The underlying mechanisms of this gender difference are not fully understood. More severe airway inflammation in female mice has been reported to be associated with higher levels of T helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines in asthma models. The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in CD4+ and CD8+ T cell functions in Th2 cytokine production. Methods: Splenocytes from naive mice were stimulated with anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies and the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were analyzed. CD4+ T cells were stimulated in the presence of CD8+ T cells. The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-5, IL-10 and interferon (IFN)-γ in the cultures were measured. Results: The concentration of IL-5, but not IFN-γ, was significantly higher in female splenocytes than in male splenocytes. There were no sex differences in the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the splenocytes. Although the IL-5 production levels in male and female CD4+ T cells were similar, IL-5 production in male CD4+ T cells, but not female CD4+ T cells, was suppressed by both male and female CD8+ T cells. While IL-5 and IL-10 were not detected in the cultures from both male and female CD8+ T cells, IFN-γ concentration in female CD8+ T cells was significantly higher than in male CD8+ T cells. Conclusions: The sex difference in the sensitivity of CD4+ T cells to CD8+ T cell suppression might contribute to the sex difference in IL-5 production by splenocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalInternational archives of allergy and immunology
Volume158
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 1

Keywords

  • Bronchial asthma
  • CD4+ and CD8+ T cells
  • Cytokines
  • Gender difference
  • Splenocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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