High temperature X-ray diffraction study of melt structure of silicon

Yoshio Waseda, Kozo Shinoda, Kazumasa Sugiyama, Susumu Takeda, Kazutaka Terashima, James Makoto Toguri

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73 Citations (Scopus)


The structure of molten silicon has been determined at three temperatures of 1440, 1460 and 1520 °C by X-ray diffraction. All structure factors indicate a characteristic small hump on the higher wave vector side of the first peak and such specific feature becomes slightly obscure as the temperature increases. A small peak is found in the region between the first (0.245 nm) and second (0.55 nm) main peaks in the pair distribution functions with a shallow minimum at about 0.35 nm. This is not observed in the pair distribution functions for usual molten metals. The coordination numbers in the near-neighbor region have been estimated by applying the interference function refining technique and the results for the first two neighbors are 6.3 (4.6+1.7) at 1440 °C, 5.7 (4.5+1.2) at 1460 °C and 5.8 (4.4+1.4) at 1520 °C. The present structural information is consistent with the recent results of density and electrical resistivity of molten silicon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4124-4128
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers & Short Notes & Review Papers
Issue number8 A
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Aug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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