High-temperature oxidation of silicon carbide and silicon nitride

T. Narushima, T. Goto, T. Hirai, Y. Iguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidation behavior of silicon-based ceramics such as SiC and Si3N4 at high temperatures is important for their practical applications to structural or electronic materials. In the present paper two kinds of oxidation (passive and active) and active-to-passive transition of silicon-based ceramics were discussed thermodynamically, and the rate constants of passive/active oxidation and active-to-passive transition oxygen potentials for SiC and Si3N4 were reviewed. Passive and active oxidation behavior depended on the microstructure of oxide films and SiO gas pressure on silicon-based ceramics, respectively. Wagner model, volatility diagram and solgasmix-based calculation were used to estimate the active-to-passive transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-835
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Transactions, JIM
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct

Keywords

  • Active oxidation
  • High-temperature
  • Oxidation
  • Passive oxidation
  • Silica
  • Silicon carbide
  • Silicon nitride
  • Silicon-based ceramics
  • Transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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