High temperature injury and auxin biosynthesis in microsporogenesis

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    26 Citations (Scopus)


    Plant reproductive development is more sensitive than vegetative growth to many environmental stresses. High temperature (HT) injury is becoming an increasingly serious problem due to recent global warming. In wheat, barley, and other crops, the early phase of anther development is most susceptible to HT. I and my colleagues recently demonstrated that HT causes cell proliferation arrest and represses auxin signaling in a tissue-specific manner in the anther cells of barley and Arabidopsis. HT also caused comprehensive alterations in transcription. The application of auxin at the same time blocked the transcriptional alterations, led to the production of normal pollen grains, and restored the normal seed setting rate under increasing temperatures. Although synthetic auxins have been used widely as potent and selective herbicides, these recent results indicate that auxin is useful for the promotion of fertility and maintenance of crop yields under the threat of global warming.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number47
    JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
    Issue numberMAR
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 11


    • Anther development
    • Arabidopsis
    • Auxin
    • Barley
    • High temperature injury
    • Male sterility
    • Tapetal degeneration
    • YUCCA

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Plant Science


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