High speed parallel synthesis of banana-shaped molecules and phase transition behaviour of 4-bromo-substituted derivatives

Sungmin Kang, Jirakorn Thisayukta, Hideo Takezoe, Junji Watanabe, Kumiko Ogino, Takayuki Doi, Takashi Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel derivative series of the well known bent-shaped P-n-O-PIMB liquid crystal mesogens, referred to as '4Br-P-n-O-PIMB', '4Cl-P-N-O-PIMB' and '5Cl-P-n-O-PIMB', having halogen atoms substituted on the phenyl ring in the central core, were synthesized by solution phase parallel synthesis based on a combinatorial approach. The mesomorphic behaviour and physical properties of all the new compounds were studied by means of optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray and circular dichroism spectroscopy. We found interesting transitional behaviour for the 4Br-P-n-O-PIMB homologous series. The homologues with alkyl tails having carbon numbers of n=3-10, 12, 14 exhibit rather complicated mesomorphic behaviour, which is strongly sensitive to n. The chiral fluid smectic B2 phase with SmCAPA structure and unidentified smectic Bx phase were observed in the homologues with n = 9, 10, 12, 14 and n=3-5, respectively. Interestingly, every member exhibits frustrated and/or helical ordered phases at low temperatures, designated as X1, X2, and X3 phases, which result from a spontaneous escape from a macroscopic polarization. The mesomorphic behaviour and mesophase structures differ remarkably from those of the parent P-n-O-PIMB homologues, suggesting that substitution of the halogen atoms at the central core essentially creates a particular interaction between molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1323-1336
Number of pages14
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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