High sensitivity radiochromic film dosimetry using an optical common-mode rejection and a reflective-mode flatbed color scanner

Hiroko Ohuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


A novel method that can greatly improve the dosimetric sensitivity limit of a radiochromic film (RCF) through use of a set of color components, e.g., red and green, outputs from a RGB color scanner has been developed. RCFs are known to have microscopic and macroscopic nonuniformities, which come from the thickness variations in the film's active radiochromic layer and coating. These variations in the response make the optical signal-to-noise ratio lower, resulting in lower film sensitivity. To mitigate the effects of RCF nonuniform response, an optical common-mode rejection (CMR) was developed. The CMR compensates nonuniform response by creating a ratio of the two signals where the factors common to both numerator and denominator cancel out. The CMR scheme was applied to the mathematical operation of creating a ratio using two components, red and green outputs from a scanner. The two light component lights are neighboring wavebands about 100 nm apart and suffer a common fate, with the exception of wavelength-dependent events, having passed together along common attenuation paths. Two types of dose-response curves as a function of delivered dose ranging from 3.7 mGy to 8.1 Gy for 100 kV x-ray beams were obtained with the optical CMR scheme and the conventional analysis method using red component, respectively. In the range of 3.7 mGy to 81 mGy, the optical densities obtained with the optical CMR showed a good consistency among eight measured samples and an improved consistency with a linear fit within 1 standard deviation of each measured optical densities, while those with the conventional analysis exhibited a large discrepancy among eight samples and did not show a consistency with a linear fit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4207-4212
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Color scanner
  • Film dosimetry
  • GafChromic
  • High sensitivity
  • Nonuniformity
  • Optical common-mode rejection
  • Radiochromic
  • Reflective
  • Signal-to-noise ratio
  • XR type R

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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