High Salt Intake-Increased (Pro)renin Receptor Expression Is Exaggerated in the Kidney of Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rats

Seiko Yamakoshi, Osamu Ito, Rong Rong, Yusuke Ohsaki, Takahiro Nakamura, Takuo Hirose, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Takefumi Mori, Kazuhito Totsune, Masahiro Kohzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The (P)RR ([pro]renin receptor) was identified as a new component of the renin-angiotensin system. We previously reported that high salt (HS) intake increased the (P)RR expression in several nephron segments of Sprague-Dawley rats. Other studies reported HS intake increased the XO (xanthine oxidase) activity and an MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) antagonist inhibited HS intake-increased (P)RR expression in the kidneys of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. The present study examined the effects of HS intake on (P)RR expression in the kidney of DS rats. Male DS rats were fed a normal salt diet or an HS diet for 4 weeks. Some of the rats fed on the HS diet were treated with the XO inhibitor, febuxostat, and the MR antagonist, spironolactone. Immunoblot and immunohistochemical analyses showed that HS intake increased (P)RR expression in the renal cortex by 22.6-fold, the proximal tubules by 4.9-fold and the distal tubules, respectively. Both febuxostat and spironolactone inhibited HS intake-increased (P)RR expression in the renal cortex. Febuxostat inhibited HS intake-increased (P)RR expression in the proximal tubules, whereas spironolactone inhibited HS intake-increased (P)RR expression in the distal tubules. Additionally, deoxycorticosterone acetate increased (P)RR expression in the renal cortex and distal tubules but not in the proximal tubules of DS rats fed the normal salt diet. These results indicate that HS intake greatly increases (P)RR expression in the renal cortex of DS rats. The mechanisms of HS intake-increased (P)RR expression may work in an XO-dependent manner in the proximal tubules and an MR-dependent manner in the distal tubules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1447-1454
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • mineralocorticoid receptor
  • nephrons
  • renin-angiotensin system
  • spironolactone
  • xanthine oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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