High-resolution acoustic mapping to understand the ore deposit in the Bayonnaise knoll caldera, Izu-Ogasawara arc

Chie Honsho, Tamaki Ura, Akira Asada, Kangsoo Kim, Kenji Nagahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We collected deep-sea multibeam, side scan, and subbottom profiler data using an autonomous underwater vehicle at the Bayonnaise knoll, a submarine caldera located in the rift zone of the Izu-Ogasawara arc. We aimed to reveal topographic and geological features and the origin of a hydrothermal field called the Hakurei site in the caldera. We performed seafloor classification by textural analysis using calibrated side-scan sonar data, which provided an effective means to understand the geology and to highlight potential areas of hydrothermal constructions. The high-resolution bathymetric map illustrates that the Hakurei hydrothermal field is distributed over a landslide landform in the caldera wall. The distribution of hydrothermal vents indicates that the slip surface has served as a major route of hydrothermal fluids. The radial alignment of chimneys and mounds indicates radial routes of hydrothermal fluid and/or belching along fragile lines in the landslide landform. Various postcaldera activities are inferred including the formation of a lava dome, a pyroclastic cone, and subsequent phreatic explosions. A general volcano-tectonic structure extending across the caldera in a NW-SE direction is interpreted as an inferred boundary fault of the North Myojin Rift. Analogous to the Hokuroku basin and land kuroko deposits, it is suggested that the main contributing factor in the formation of kuroko deposits was volcano-tectonic activity that dominated the margin of the back-arc rift basin. The intersections between the margin of a rift basin and the surrounding knolls have a high potential for ore-forming areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2070-2092
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AUV
  • hydrothermal deposit
  • kuroko ore
  • multibeam sonar
  • side-scan sonar
  • textural classification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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