High quality biodiesel fuel production from crude jatropha oil without upstream and downstream processing

Naomi Shibasaki-Kitakawa, Kei Ichi Kanagawa, Kazunori Nakashima, Toshikuni Yonemoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Jatropha curcas oil has beenreceived much attention as a renewable source of biodiesel fuel with no competing food uses. Crude Jatropha oil hashigh contents of free fatty acid (FFA) andwater. FFA and water inthe raw oil significantly decrease the yield and quality ofthe product biodiesel in the industrial production process using the homogeneousalkali catalyst. Thus, the present production process is usually accompaniedby a refining processto remove FFA in the raw oil to less than 0.5 wt% and a dewatering process of the raw oil. In addition, the downstream purificationprocess to remove the by-products, such as soap and glycerin, from the biodieselis required to satisfy the fuel's quality requirements. These upstreamand downstream processes raise the production cost of the biodiesel fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
PublisherAIChE
Pages233-235
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9781618397379
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventForest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: 2011 Oct 162011 Oct 21

Publication series

NameForest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting

Other

OtherForest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period11/10/1611/10/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research

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  • Cite this

    Shibasaki-Kitakawa, N., Kanagawa, K. I., Nakashima, K., & Yonemoto, T. (2011). High quality biodiesel fuel production from crude jatropha oil without upstream and downstream processing. In Forest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting (pp. 233-235). (Forest and Plant Bioproducts Division - Core Programming Topic at the 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting). AIChE.