High pressure torsion to refine grains in pure aluminum up to saturation: Mechanisms of structure evolution and their dependence on strain

Dmitry Orlov, Naoya Kamikawa, Nobuhiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-pressure torsion was used for the deformation processing of high-purity aluminum (4N-Al), while high-resolution electron-backscatter diffraction was used for the analysis of evolution of qualitative and quantitative microstructural characteristics. This study reveals a rather full picture of microstructure evolution in the high stacking fault energy fcc material and makes a continuous link between deformation microstructures at low, high and very high strains. Three stages of the microstructure evolution in 4N-Al at ambient temperature have been found: (i) the first stage in the range ∈ eq ≤ 1; (ii) a transition stage in the range 1<∈ eq ≤ 8; and (iii) a saturation stage in the range ∈ eq 8. In stages (i) and (ii), grain subdivision and typical features of deformation microstructures are found. Starting from stage (ii), formation of small equiaxed (sub)grains surrounded by high-angle boundaries (HABs) is found together with minor increase in the average subgrain size. At stage (iii), recrystallized-like microstructure mostly consisting of the dynamically stable equiaxed subgrains surrounded by HABs dominates the microstructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2329-2350
Number of pages22
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Volume92
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 21

Keywords

  • EBSD
  • aluminum
  • grain refinement
  • high pressure torsion
  • microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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