The cubic perovskite BaRuO3 has been synthesized under 18 GPa at 1,000°C. Rietveld refinement indicates that the new compound has a stretched Ru-O bond. The cubic perovskite BaRuO3 remains metallic to 4 K and exhibits a ferromagnetic transition at Tc = 60 K, which is significantly lower than the Tc ≈ 160 K for SrRuO3. The availability of cubic perovskite BaRuO3 not only makes it possible to map out the evolution of magnetism in the whole series of ARuO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) as a function of the ionic size of the A-site rA, but also completes the polytypes of BaRuO3. Extension of the plot of Tc versus rA in perovskites ARuO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) shows that Tc does not increase as the cubic structure is approached, but has a maximum for orthorhombic SrRuO3. Suppressing Tc by Ca and Ba doping in SrRuO3 is distinguished by sharply different magnetic susceptibilities χ(T) of the paramagnetic phase. This distinction has been interpreted in the context of a Griffiths' phase on the (Ca Sr)RuO3 side and bandwidth broadening on the (Sr,Ba)RuO 3 side.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 May 20|
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