High pressure synthesis and electrical properties of BaTiO3-xFx

Tadashi Endo, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Tsugio Sato, Masahiko Shimada

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    29 Citations (Scopus)


    The substitution of fluorine for oxygen in BaTiO3 was investigated by the reaction of BaO2, BaF2, TiO2 and Ti under the conditions of 3.0 GPa and 1300° C for 2 H. Batio3-xFx solid solutions were obtained as a single phase in the region of 0 ≤x≤0.1. The X-ray diffraction data showed that the symmetrical change from tetragonal to cubic form occurred at x=0.08 at room temperature. Also, the solid solutions were characterized by TG-DTA analysis, ESCA spectroscopy and diffusion reflectance spectroscopy. As a result, the existence of Ti3+ was verified. The electrical resistivities of BaTiO3-xFx were in the range from 4Ωcm for x=0.05 to 3OΩcm for x=0.1 at 300 K and the relationship between In ρ{variant} and 1000 T-1 was linear. The thermoelectric powers at 300 K were -250 μV K-1 for x=0.05 and -130 μVK-1 for x=0.1. The electrical property of the solid solution was discussed on the basis of a conventional band model which involved localized donor levels associated with oxygen vacancies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)619-623
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Materials Science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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