High power ultrasonics in pyrometallurgy: Current status and recent development

Sergey V. Komarov, Mamoru Kuwabara, Oleg V. Abramov

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, a large number of studies have been published on the use of high intensity ultrasonics in various high temperature technologies. This paper provides an overview of the recent achievements and ongoing works on the application of high intensity sound waves to pyrometallurgy and its related areas. The published results have strongly suggested that ultrasonics has the potential to play a more significant role in such areas as the dedusting of high-temperature exhaust gas, improvement of fuel-combustion efficiency, control of air-pollutant emissions, improvement of the quality of ingots, production of metal powders and ascast composite materials. At higher temperatures, special attractiveness of sound waves is associated with the fact that the waves can propagate through gas, liquids, and solids, and thus supply the acoustic energy from a cooled sonic generator to materials being processed under high temperature conditions. This provides a unique tool, for example, for controlling the rates of interfacial phenomena that is unachievable by any other methods under high temperatures. Industrial competitiveness of the ultrasonic-based technologies is reinforced by the relatively low cost of power-generating equipment and ultrasonic transducers. However, further research efforts are called for to develop new heat-resistant waveguide materials and to integrate the ultrasonic installations with existing industrial facilities in high temperature technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1765-1782
Number of pages18
JournalIsij International
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • Air pollutants
  • Cast composites
  • Continuous casting
  • High power ultrasonics
  • High temperature
  • Melt atomization
  • Non-linear phenomena
  • Pyrometallurgy
  • Sonoprocessing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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