A novel asymmetric electrochemical capacitor (AEC) with high energy and power densities has been developed using a graphene oxide/cobalt(ii) tetrapyrazinoporphyrazine composite (GO/CoTPyzPz) as the positive electrode and graphene oxide/carbon black (GO/CB) as the negative electrode in a neutral aqueous Na2SO4 electrolyte. The excellent specific capacitance, energy and power densities (∼500 F g-1, 44 W h kg-1 and 31 kW kg-1) coupled with long cycle life, excellent short response time, and low equivalent series resistance clearly indicate that this new material has great potential for the development of low-cost and 'green' aqueous AECs that operate at high energy and power densities. Interestingly, the energy density of the GO/CoTPyzPz//GOCB based AEC falls within the range usually observed for nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries (30-100 W h kg-1), but more importantly, shows better power performance than NiMH batteries (0.25-1 kW kg-1) widely used in hybrid vehicles such as Toyota Prius and Honda Insight.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)