High-P behavior of anorthite composition and some phase relations of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system to the lower mantle of the earth, and their geophysical implications

Xi Liu, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Norimasa Nishiyama, Qiang He, Takeshi Sanehira, Tetsuo Irifune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multianvil experiments with long experimental durations have been made with the anorthite composition CaAl2Si2O8 at pressure-temperature (P-T) conditions of 14-25 GPa and 1400-2400° C. At subsolidus conditions, these experiments demonstrated three phase assemblages, grossular (Gr) + kyanite (Ky) + stishovite (St) at ∼14 GPa, Gr + calcium-alumino-silicate phase (CAS) + St at ∼18 GPa, and CAS + CaSiO 3-perovskite (CaPv) + St at above ∼20 GPa, which are related by the reactions Gr + Ky = CAS + St and Gr + St = CAS + CaPv. Following the method of Schreinemakers, we combined our data with the literature data to deduce a P-T phase diagram for a portion of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO 2 system at subsolidus conditions, which subsequently helped to solve some long-lasting discrepancies in the high-P behavior of the compositions of anorthite and grossular. The crystal chemistry of the CAS and CaPv solid solutions was examined, and new substitution mechanisms were firmly established. Along the solidus, the melting reaction at ∼14 GPa is peritectic while that at ∼22 GPa is eutectic. For both pressures, St is the first phase to melt out and the melt is generally andesitic. For the An composition, its density starts to be significantly higher than the density of pyrolite at ∼2.5 GPa, a much lower pressure than that for the Or, Ab or Qtz composition (∼7.5-10 GPa), so that the An-enriched continental crust material should readily plunge into the upper mantle.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberB09205
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume117
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'High-P behavior of anorthite composition and some phase relations of the CaO-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-SiO<sub>2</sub> system to the lower mantle of the earth, and their geophysical implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this