High kinetic stability of ZnII coordinated by the tris(histidine) unit of carbonic anhydrase towards solvolytic dissociation studied by affinity capillary electrophoresis

Yosuke Sato, Hitoshi Hoshino, Nobuhiko Iki

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solvolytic dissociation rate constants (kd) of bovine carbonic anhydrase II (CA) and its metallovariants (M-CAs, M = CoII, NiII, CuII, ZnII, and CdII) were estimated by a ligand substitution reaction, which was monitored by affinity capillary electrophoresis to selectively detect the undissociated CAs in the reaction mixture. Using EDTA as the competing ligand for Zn-CA, the dissociation followed the unimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN1) mechanism with kd = 1.0 × 10- 7 s- 1 (pH 7.4, 25 °C). The corresponding solvolysis half-life (t1/2) was 80 days, showing the exceptionally high kinetic stability of t Zn-CA, in contrast to the highly labile [ZnII(H2O)6]2 +, where the water exchange rate (kex) is high. This behavior is attributed to the tetrahedral coordination geometry supported by the tris(histidine) unit (His3) of CA. In the case of Co-CA, it showed a somewhat larger kd value (5.7 × 10- 7 s- 1, pH 7.4, 25 °C) even though it shares the same tetrahedral coordination environment with Zn-CA, suggesting that the d7 electronic configuration of CoII in the transition state of the dissociation is stabilized by the ligand field. Among M-CAs, only Ni-CA showed a bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) reaction path in its reaction with EDTA, implying that the large coordination number (6) of NiII in Ni-CA allows EDTA to form an EDTA-Ni-CA intermediate. Overall, kd values roughly correlated with kex values among M-CAs, with the kd value of Zn-CA deviating strongly from the trend and highlighting the exceptionally high kinetic stabilization of Zn-CA by the His3 unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Affinity capillary electrophoresis
  • Carbonic anhydrase
  • Metal-substituted enzymes
  • Sulfonamides
  • Zn(II)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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