Objectives. To assess the incidence of, and risk factors for, inguinal hernia after retropubic radical prostatectomy compared with after pelvic lymph node dissection and total cystectomy. Methods. A total of 155 radical prostatectomies, 35 pelvic lymph node dissections, and 56 total cystectomies were included in this study. We reviewed the charts retrospectively and evaluated the incidence of, and risk factors for, inguinal hernia after surgery using Kaplan-Meier plots and a Cox proportional hazard model. Results. Of 155 patients in the radical prostatectomy group, 35 patients in the pelvic lymph node dissection group, and 56 patients in the cystectomy group, 33 (21.3%), 4 (11.4%), and 3 (5.4%), respectively, developed inguinal hernias during follow-up. In the radical prostatectomy group, 27 (81.8%) of the 33 patients developed inguinal hernia within 2 years postoperatively. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that prostatectomy group, past history of inguinal hernia, and body mass index of less than 23 were significant risk factors for postoperative inguinal hernia. Conclusions. The incidence of inguinal hernia after radical prostatectomy is not low. Urologists should realize that inguinal hernia is one of the major complications of radical prostatectomy and examine the groin preoperatively and postoperatively.
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