High-grade cerebral arteriovenous malformation treated with targeted embolization of a ruptured site: Wall enhancement of an intranidal aneurysm as a sign of ruptured site

Shunsuke Omodaka, Hidenori Endo, Miki Fujimura, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Partial targeted embolization of the ruptured site of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is considered effective to prevent rebleeding. The site of rupture is usually determined by morphological features, such as an intranidal aneurysm or a venous varix; however, the site can be difficult to identify in high-grade AVM with complicated angioarchitecture. The authors present a case of a 36-year-old woman with high-grade AVM presented with repeated hemorrhage. Cerebral angiography showed intranidal aneurysm, which was considered the ruptured site. The T1-weighted imaging with gadolinium enhancement demonstrated linear enhancement along the outer surface of the thickened wall of the intranidal aneurysm, which could be supplementary information to identify the ruptured site. Obliteration of the intranidal aneurysm was successfully achieved by emergent targeted embolization using N-butyl cyanoacrylate. The patient recovered and regained an independent status. The patient underwent volume-staged radiosurgery and experienced no further hemorrhage during the 26 months follow-up. Targeted embolization of the ruptured site is considered effective to prevent rebleeding in high-grade cerebral AVMs. Wall enhancement of the intranidal aneurysm, in addition to the structural characteristics, could be helpful in identifying the site of rupture embedded in the complicated angioarchitecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-817
Number of pages5
JournalNeurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume55
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 15

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Site of rupture
  • Targeted embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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