High frequency oscillations are less frequent but more specific to epileptogenicity during rapid eye movement sleep

Rie Sakuraba, Masaki Iwasaki, Eiichi Okumura, Kazutaka Jin, Yosuke Kakisaka, Kazuhiro Kato, Teiji Tominaga, Nobukazu Nakasato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: We hypothesized that high frequency oscillations (HFOs) are differently suppressed during rapid eye movement sleep (REM) between epileptogenic and less epileptogenic cortices, and that the suppressive effect can serve as a specific marker of epileptogenicity. Methods: Intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded in 13 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. HFOs between 80 and 200 Hz were semi-automatically detected from total 15-min EEG epochs each for REM and slow wave sleep (SWS). z-Score of HFO occurrence rate was calculated from the baseline rate derived from non-epileptogenic cortex. Intracranial electrodes were labeled as REM dominant HFO (RdH) if REM z-score was greater than SWS z-score or as SWS dominant HFO (SdH) if SWS z-score was greater than REM z-score. Relationship of electrode location to the area of surgical resection was compared between RdH and SdH electrodes. Results: Out of 1070 electrodes, 101 were defined as RdH electrodes and 115 as SdH electrodes. RdH electrodes were associated with the area of resection in patients with postoperative seizure freedom (P < 0.001), but not in patients without seizure freedom. Conclusions: HFOs near the epileptogenic zone are less suppressed during REM. Significance: The less suppressive effect of REM may provide a specific marker of epileptogenicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


  • Epilepsy surgery
  • High-frequency oscillations
  • Intracranial electroencephalography
  • Rapid eye movement sleep
  • Seizure outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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