High-efficiency thermophotovoltaic system by quasi-monochromatic thermal radiation

Asaka Kohiyama, Makoto Shimizu, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Fumitada Iguchi, Hiroo Yugami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Efficiency of solar-thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems can be improved by controlling spectral property of thermal radiation to match the photovoltaic (PV) cells spectral response. We developed a spectrally selective emitter which can emit quasi-monochromatic thermal radiation to improve the efficiency of TPV systems. From the evaluation by the detailed-balance model for gallium antimonite (GaSb) TPV cells, the photovoltaic conversion efficiency over 50 % is achievable in the case of the emitter temperature over 1800K and emitter Q-value over 15. The numerical simulation based on Rigorous-Coupled Wave Analysis revealed that the quasi-monochromatic thermal radiation can be obtained by closed-end microcavity structure. A solar-TPV system equipped with a solar-simulator is fabricated to evaluate the effect of spectrally selective emitter. By using GaSb TPV cells and spectrally selective emitter based on dielectric layer coating, photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 26% and total efficiency of 7.7% are obtained at emitter temperature of 1654 K under 384 suns.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
PublisherWeb Portal ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791845868
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - Boston, United States
Duration: 2014 Jun 302014 Jul 2

Publication series

NameASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
Volume1

Other

OtherASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston
Period14/6/3014/7/2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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