High CO2 concentration increases relative leaf carbon gain under dynamic light in Dipterocarpus sublamellatus seedlings in a tropical rain forest, Malaysia

Hajime Tomimatsu, Atsuhiro Iio, Minaco Adachi, Leng Guan Saw, Christine Fletcher, Yanhong Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understory plants in tropical forests often experience a low-light environment combined with high CO2 concentration. We hypothesized that the high CO2concentration may compensate for leaf carbon loss caused by the low light, through increasing light-use efficiency of both steady-state and dynamic photosynthetic properties. To test the hypothesis, we examined CO2gas exchange in response to an artificial lightfleck in Dipterocarpus sublamellatus Foxw. seedlings under contrasting CO2 conditions: 350 and 700μmol CO2 mol-1air in a tropical rain forest, Pasoh, Malaysia. Total photosynthetic carbon gain from the lightfleck was about double when subjected to the high CO2when compared with the low CO2concentration. The increase of light-use efficiency in dynamic photosynthesis contributed 7% of the increased carbon gain, most of which was due to reduction of photosynthetic induction to light increase under the high CO2. The light compensation point of photosynthesis decreased by 58% and the apparent quantum yield increased by 26% at the high CO2compared with those at the low CO2. The study suggests that high CO2increases photosynthetic light-use efficiency under both steady-state and fluctuating light conditions, which should be considered in assessing the leaf carbon gain of understory plants in low-light environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)944-954
Number of pages11
JournalTree Physiology
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dynamic photosynthesis
  • Elevated Co
  • Induction efficiency
  • Lightfleck
  • Tropical trees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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